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Instruction for Authors
     
Guidelines for Submission to Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics (Restor Dent Endod) follows the Uniform Requirements of Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: Writing and Editing for Biomedical Publication commonly known as the Vancouver style, if otherwise is not described below.

1. Aims and Scope
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics (Restor Dent Endod) is a peer reviewed and open-access electronic journal providing up-to-date information regarding the research and developments on new knowledge and innovations pertinent to the field of contemporary clinical operative dentistry, restorative dentistry, and endodontics. In the field of operative and restorative dentistry, the journal deals with diagnosis, treatment planning, treatment concepts and techniques, adhesive dentistry, esthetic dentistry, tooth whitening, dental materials and implant restoration. In the field of endodontics, the journal deals with a variety of topics such as etiology of periapical lesions, outcome of endodontic treatment, surgical endodontics including replantation, transplantation and implantation, dental trauma, intracanal microbiology, endodontic materials (MTA, nikel-titanium instruments, etc.), molecular biology techniques, and stemcell biology. Restor Dent Endod publishes original articles, review articles and case reports dealing with aforementioned topics from all over the world.


2. Submission of Manuscripts
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics (Restor Dent Endod) requires electronic submission of all manuscripts. All manuscripts must be submitted to Restor Dent Endod through the website (http://www.rde.ac) with a cover letter to the editor. Manuscripts may be submitted at any time. Authors may send queries concerning the submission process, manuscript status, or Journal procedures to the Editor-in-Chief. Please contact the Editor by E-mail at editor@rde.ac. There is no page charge for all types of submissions published in Restor Dent Endod.


3. Publication Types
Articles falling into the following categories are invited for submission: Original Scientific Articles, Case Reports, Review Articles, Editorials, Open Lectures, and Comments for the Reader's Forum. Any suggestions, comments or questions regarding submissions should be sent to the editor-in-chief (editor@rde.ac).


4. Research and Publication Ethics
1) Authorship
- Authors are obliged to participate in peer review process.
-Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. The corresponding author should ensure that there is a full consensus of all co-authors in approving the final version of the paper and its submission for publication.
-Changes to authorship (the addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship of accepted manuscript) need to be approved by the Editor-in-Chief after a written confirmation by a corresponding author including the reason the name should be rearranged and all the signature of co-authors.
- Please refer to CrediT Taxonomy and fill out the Author Contributions. You can identify which author(s) is/are responsible for each of the 14 items.
- Author Contributions
Conceptualization: name. Data curation: name. Formal analysis: name. Funding acquisition: name. Investigation: name. Methodology: name. Project administration: name. Resources: name. Software: name. Supervision: name. Validation: name. Visualization: name. Writing - original draft: name. Writing - review & editing: name. (name: the last name and initials, e.g., Cho BH)
-Please fill out ORCID of all the authors if available after full name of each author, e.g., Byeong-Hoon Cho http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9641-5507
- Author contribution and ORCID should be presented at the end of text and before the reference list.
2) Conflict-of-Interest Statement
- All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Conflicts of Interest Form

3) Originality and Duplicate Publication
-Authors should present an objective discussion of the significance of research work as well as sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the experiments.
-When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.
-The authors should ensure that their work is entirely original works, all data in the article are real and authentic, and if the work and/or words of others have been used, this has been appropriately acknowledged.
-Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. Authors should not submit articles describing essentially the same research to more than one journal.
4) Plagiarism
-Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.
-Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.
-All submissions to Restor Dent Endod will be automatically screened using CrossCheck, a plagiarism screening service powered by iThenticate, before being sent to reviewers.
5) Statement of human and animal rights
-Any experiment involving human and animal subjects will be published only if such research has been conducted in full accordance with ethical principles and guidelines, including the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinky (version 2008) and the additional requirements, if any, of the country where the research has been carried out.
-All studies using human or animal subjects should include an explicit statement in the Materials and Methods section identifying the review and ethics committee approval for each study.
-Either a copy of the informed consent form or a written exemption approval should be attached to the manuscript. Manuscript must be accompanied by a statement in the cover letter that the experiments were undertaken with the understanding and written consent of each subject and according to the above mentioned principles.
6) Reporting Clinical Trials
-Randomized controlled trials should be presented according to the CONSORT guidelines.
-The CONSORT checklist can be found on http://www.consort-statement.org
7) Dealing with unethical behavior
-If unethical behavior is recognized by sufficient evidence at any point, editors will investigate the manuscript or published paper and may decide the outcome.
-Depending on the severity of malpractice, the following actions can be applied.
  A warning letter to corresponding authors
  Public notification about misconduct in Editorial section and title homepage
  Notification to National Research Foundation of Korea
  Decline of submitted manuscript
  Retraction of published paper
-In case of malpractice, authors shall be banned from future submission for at least three years, unless permitted by the Editor-in-Chief.

For more information on ethics for Restor Dent Endod, see Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement.

5. Language
The language of publication is English. When non-standard terms appearing 3 or more times in the manuscript are to be abbreviated, they should be written out completely in the text when first used with the abbreviation in parenthesis. It is recommended that international authors who are not native-speakers in English seek help during manuscript preparation. The authors must have the article reviewed by a professional English editorial service before submission and submit the certificate of English proof reading as a supplement.


6. Statistical analysis
Authors are strongly encouraged to consult a statistician for statistical analysis. Manuscripts with inappropriate statistical analysis methods will be returned to the authors without being reviewed.


7. Copyright Assignment
Authors submitting a paper do so on the understanding that the work and its essential substance have not been published before and are not being considered for publication elsewhere. The submission of the manuscript by the authors means that the authors automatically agree to assign exclusive copyright to Restor Dent Endod if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication.


8. Permissions
All studies using human or animal subjects or specimens obtained from such subjects (such as extracted teeth) should include an explicit statement in the Materials and Methods section identifying the review and approval by ethics committee for each study, and provide an approval number.
Manuscripts must be accompanied by a statement in the cover letter that the experiments were undertaken with the understanding and written consent of each subject and according to the above mentioned principles.
If all or parts of previously published quotations, tables, or illustrations are used, permission must be obtained from the copyright holder concerned. Permission is also needed if photographs of identifiable persons are used in the study such as case reports. The authors will be held responsible for failing to acquire proper permission before submission.


9. Manuscript Structure and Format
For the convenience of the readers, manuscripts should be as concise as possible. All manuscripts should be limited to 25 double spaced pages (A4 size) for original scientific articles and 13 pages for case reports including tables and illustrations. Units, symbols, figures, tables, and references used must conform to the current issue or the linked article at our website.

1) The title page
The title should be concise and precise. It should be of 20 or less words, or it should fit within two lines. Only the first letter of the first word of the title should be capitalized. The title page of the manuscript should include the title of the article, the full name of the author(s), institutional affiliations, the last name and initials of the authors(s), a running title (of 7 or less words), and correspondence. Listed authors should include only those individuals who have made a significant creative contribution. The corresponding author's academic degrees, position, affiliation, address, telephone number, fax number and e-mail address should be given. Author contribution and ORCID identification numbers should be presented at the end of text and before the reference list.
RDE allows multiple authors to be specified as having equally contributed to the article as co-first authors or co-corresponding authors. While the contact information of all the corresponding authors is published in the article, only one corresponding author (the submitting author) is solely responsible for communicating with the journal.


2) Abstract
The abstract should consist of no more than 250 words for original articles and 200 words for case reports or review articles, and should give details of what was done. The structured abstracts of original articles are to contain the following major headings: Objective(s); Materials and Methods; Results; Conclusion(s); and Key words of no more than 6 words in alphabetical order. The abstracts of review articles or case reports don’t need a structured format, but Key words should be listed. The Key words should be from MeSH subject headings when possible but non-MeSH subject heading may be used if deemed appropriate by the authors. Key words should be written in small alphabetic letters with the first letter in capital. Separate each word by a semicolon.


3) Introduction
The introduction should briefly review the pertinent literature in order to identify the gap in knowledge that the study is intended to address. The purpose of the study, the tested hypothesis and its scope should be described.


4) Materials and Methods
The three components to this section are the experimental design, the procedures employed, and the statistical tests used to analyze the results. The vast majority of manuscripts should cite prior studies using similar methods and succinctly describe the particular aspects used in the present study. If the study utilized a commercial product, the generic term should be used and the product name, manufacturer, city, (state), and country should be stated in parentheses.


5) Results
This section should present only the observations with minimal reference to earlier literature or to possible interpretations by the authors. Data must not be duplicated in Tables and Figures. In tables and figures, magnification rate and units should be stated. SI (Le système International d'Unités) units should be used. Tables, figures, and legends of tables and figures may be included in the text or attached as separate pages at the end of the manuscript. Files containing figures and tables must also be submitted as separate files.


6) Discussion
The discussion section should describe the major findings of the study. Both the strength and the weaknesses of the observations should be discussed. In addition, suggestions for further research topics may be included if needed.


7) Conclusions
A brief conclusion based on the findings of the study and a comment on the potential clinical relevance of the findings should be summarized.


8) Acknowledgement
In the acknowledgement section the author may specify contributors to the article other than the authors accredited. Specifications of the source of funding for the study and any potential conflict of interest if possible should also be included. The specifications of the source of funding will be presented in the first page of the published article, below the correspondence.


9) Author contribution and ORCID identification numbers should be presented at the end of text and before the reference list.
Conceptualization: name. Data curation: name. Formal analysis: name. Funding acquisition: name. Investigation: name. Methodology: name. Project administration: name. Resources: name. Software: name. Supervision: name. Validation: name. Visualization: name. Writing - original draft: name. Writing - review & editing: name. (name: the last name and initials, e.g., Cho BH).
Please fill out ORCID of all the authors if available after full name of each author, e.g., Byeong-Hoon Cho http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9641-5507.


10) References
Make sure all references have been verified and are cited consecutively in the text by numbers in square brackets. The reference list should be typed double-spaced on a separate page and numbered in the order the reference citations appear in the text. For journal citations, include last name and initials, complete title of article, name of journal (abbreviated according to the Cumulated Index Medicus), year of publication, volume, and inclusive page numbers. When books are cited, either inclusive page numbers or chapter numbers should be included. Please note that theses or doctoral dissertations, which have not been published in peer-reviewed journals, should not be cited as reference.
If needed, single or double authors should be acknowledged in the text, e.g. Ford and Roberts. If there are more than two authors, the first author followed by et al. is sufficient, e.g. Tobias et al. We recommend the use of EndNote for reference management and formatting. For reference style and format, please refer to the following examples.

Journals: The order should be described as follows; authors’ names (including all co-authors). Title. journal name(Abbrev.) the year;volume:and page numbers(e.g. 445-461.) or chapter number(s).

1. Zara S, Di Giulio M, D'Ercole S, Cellini L, Cataldi A. Anti-adhesive and pro-apoptotic effects of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate on human gingival fibroblasts co-cultured with Streptococcus mitis strains. Int Endod J 2011;44:1145-1154.
2. Porto IC, Oliveira DC, Raele RA, Ribas KH, Montes MA, De Castro CM. Cytotoxicity of current adhesive systems: in vitro testing on cell cultures of primary murine macrophages. Dent Mater 2011;27:221-228.
3. Esteves CM, Ota-Tsuzuki C, Reis AF, Rodrigues JA. Antibacterial activity of various self-etching adhesive systems against oral streptococci. Oper Dent 2010;35:448-453.

Monographs: Monographs should be described as follows; authors’ name(s). title. the number of editions. the place of publication: publisher; the year of publication. and page numbers.

Books: Seltzer S, Bender IB. The dental pulp: biologic considerations in dental procedures. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott; 1984. p400.

Chapter in a book: Fouad AF, Levin L. Cohen's pathways of the pulp. 10th ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier; 2011. Chapter 13.

Online Publications: Internet URLs should be as follows; authors' names: website title [Internet]. place: publisher; Available from: URL and (the time of the latest update).
American Cancer Society. Cancer Reference Information [Internet]. Atlanta (GA): American Cancer Society; c2010 [cited 2010 Jun 20]. Available from: http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/CRI_0.asp.(updated 2014 Nov 21).

Journal article: special issue/supplement:
Van Meerbeek B, Vargas M, Inoue S, Yoshida Y, Peumans M, Lambrechts P, Vanherle G. Adhesives and cements to promote preservation dentistry. Oper Dent 2001;(Supplement 6):119-144.

Abstract: Yoshida Y, Van Meerbeek B, Okazaki M, Shintani H, Suzuki K. Comparative study on adhesive performance of functional monomers. J Dent Res 2003;82(Special Issue B):Abstract #0051. pB-19.

Corporate publication: ISO-Standards ISO 4287 Geometrical Product Specifications Surface texture. Profile method – Terms, definitions and surface texture parameters. 1st ed. Geneve: International Organization for Standardization; 1997. p1-25.


11) Tables
Tables should be included in the text so that they may be edited if necessary. The title of each table should be placed on the top without a period. The first letter of the first word should be capitalized. All abbreviations should be explained in each table.


12) Figures
Illustrations must be submitted in electronic format with file sizes appropriate for publication. Figures should be submitted as .tif or .jpg files. Power point files are not accepted. All images should be at least 300 dpi and 5 cm x 5 cm in size. 500 dpi is recommended. Composite figures are recommended, especially for case reports. Figure legends should be included as text so that they be edited if necessary. All abbreviations should be explained in each figure.


13) General text style
Font type and font size: Use Arial 10 point font.
Units: Scientific unit should be followed by the International System of Units.
Abbreviations: When non-standard terms appearing 3 or more times in the manuscript are to be abbreviated, they should be written out completely in the text when first used with the abbreviation in parenthesis.
Generic and Brand Name of Medicine: For medicine, use generic names. If a brand name should be used, insert it in parentheses after the generic name.


14) Terminology
The terminology used should follow the most recent edition of Dorland’s Illustrated Medical Dictionary and the Glossary of Medical Terminology approved by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.


15) Other types of articles

Review Articles :Main Text of Review Articles should be divided into Introduction, Review and Conclusions. The Introduction section should focus on placing the subject matter in context and justifying the need for the review. The Review section should be divided into logical sub-sections in order to improve readability and enhance understanding. Search strategies must be described and the use of state-of-the-art evidence-based systematic approaches is expected. The use of tabulated and illustrative material is encouraged. The Conclusion section should reach clear conclusions and/or recommendations on the basis of the evidence presented.

Case Reports: Main Text of Clinical Reports and Clinical Articles should be divided into Introduction, Case Report(s), Discussion, and Conclusions. They should be well illustrated with clinical images, radiographs, diagrams, and where appropriate, supporting tables and graphs. However, all illustrations must be of the highest quality.

Reader’s Forum: Reader’s forum will present various questions, suggestions and critics on the subjects of Operative Dentistry, Restorative Dentistry, and Endodontics from the readers.

Open Lecture

Editorials





10. Manuscript files accepted
Manuscripts should be uploaded as double-spaced Word (.doc) files. Use Arial 10 point font. Illustrations must be submitted in electronic format with file sizes appropriate for publication. All images should be at least 300 dpi and 5 cm x 5 cm in size. 500 dpi is recommended. When submitted as separate files, name of the author and illustration number should be stated in the file name.


11. Blinded Peer Review Process
Manuscripts that do not conform to the general aims and scope of the journal will be returned immediately without review. All other manuscripts will be reviewed by experts in the corresponding field (three referees). The Editorial Board may request authors to revise the manuscripts according to the reviewer’s opinion. The revised manuscript may go through a second review by referees. Final decision on approval of publication of the submitted manuscripts is made by the Editorial Board.


12. Author’s Checklist

1) Original Manuscript
-Cover letter to the editor
-Title page including the title of the article, the full name of the author(s), academic degrees, positions, institutional affiliations, last name and initials of the authors, author contributions, orcid identification number(s), a running title (of 7 or less words), and correspondence.
-Abstract including keywords
-Introduction
-Materials and Methods
-Results
-Discussion
-Conclusions
-References: Refer to the reference format in the author’s guideline
-Tables: If tables are included, they should be included as text and not as illustrations so that they may be edited if necessary.
-Figures: Figure legends should be included as text and not as illustrations so that they may be edited if necessary.
-Author's form
-Conflict of interest form

2) Review Article
-Cover letter to the editor
-Title page including the title of the article, the full name of the author(s), academic degrees, positions, institutional affiliations, last name and initials of the authors, author contributions, orcid identification number(s), a running title (of 7 or less words), and correspondence.
-Abstract including keywords
-Introduction
-Review (body text)
-Conclusions
-References: Refer to the reference format in the author’s guideline
-Tables: If tables are included, they should be included as text and not as illustrations so that they may be edited if necessary.
-Figures: Figure legends should be included as text and not as illustrations so that they may be edited if necessary.
-Author's form
-Conflict of interest form


3) Case Reports
-Cover letter to the editor
-Title page including the title of the article, the full name of the author(s), academic degrees, positions, institutional affiliations, last name and initials of the authors, author contributions, orcid identification number(s), a running title (of 7 or less words), and correspondence.
-Abstract including keywords
-Introduction
-Case Report(s)
-Discussion
-Conclusions
-References: Refer to the reference format in the author’s guideline
-Tables: If tables are included, they should be included as text and not as illustrations so that they may be edited if necessary.
-Figures: Figure legends should be included as text and not as illustrations so that they may be edited if necessary.
-Author's form
-Conflict of interest form

This submission guideline may also be accessed at the official website (http://www.rde.ac).
Copyright© by The Korean Academy of Conservative Dentistry. All right reserved.
Department of Conservative Dentisty, Seoul National University School of Dentistry
101 Daehag-ro, Jongro-gu, Seoul 110-749, Korea
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